Land Transport

The Australian Animal Welfare Standards and Guidelines for the Land Transport of Livestock have been endorsed by the Primary Industries Ministerial Committee for legislation.

Click here for the Land Transport Standards and Guidelines

Progress report

The Australian Animal Welfare Standards and Guidelines for the Land Transport of Livestock are being regulated into law by State and Territory governments. The implementation dates for the Land Transport Standards by state and territory are:

South Australia

In South Australia, the Livestock Transport Standards and Guidelines came into effect in August 2012. The Animal Welfare Regulations 2012 were remade on that date and included the Livestock Transport Standards written in a legally enforceable manner.

Tasmania

The Tasmanian Animal Welfare (Land Transport of Livestock) Regulations commenced in June 2013. The standards were adopted as regulations from the Australian Animal Welfare Standards and Guidelines for the Land Transport of Livestock.

New South Wales

The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Land Transport of Livestock) Standards 2013 No 1 was implemented in June 2013. The Standards are listed in Schedule 1 of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Regulation 2012 as relevant Standards under Part 4 of the Regulation. There are minor differences from the national Standards and Guidelines where there was pre-existing legislation – these are dealt with by the insertion of notes in the appropriate clause.

Victoria

The Land Transport Standards are prescribed (5 March 2013) by reference into enforceable regulations under the Victorian Livestock Management Act 2010.  The Act encourages livestock operators to demonstrate compliance with the Standards through participation in approved industry Quality Assurance programs.

Queensland

Queensland regulated the Australian Animal Welfare Standards and Guidelines – Land Transport of Livestock as a compulsory requirement under the Animal Care and Protection Regulation in January 2014. Enforcement of these laws commenced from 1 August 2014.

Northern Territory

In the Northern Territory, the Land Transport Standards were adopted under the Livestock Regulations in January 2013. Compliance and enforcement activity is undertaken by Department of Primary Industry and Resources Veterinary Officers and Livestock Biosecurity Officers. Adoption of revisions of the Land Transport Standards are subject to legislative processes and timeframes.

Western Australia

The Australian Animal Welfare Standards and Guidelines for Land Transport of Livestock have not been regulated in Western Australia to date. Until now, limitations of Western Australia’s Animal Welfare Act 2002 prevented their implementation in this State. However, the amendment of the Act in November 2018 will allow the Standards and Guidelines to be regulated. The Minister approved the drafting of regulations in March 2019. Initially, only the relevant standards relating to sheep and cattle in the Standards and Guidelines for Land Transport will be regulated. The regulations are expected to be completed early in 2020. The remaining classes of livestock will be regulated following the completion of the Standards and Guidelines for Sheep and Cattle.

Australian Capital Territory

The Land Transport Standards and Guidelines were implemented in the ACT as a mandatory code of practice under the Animal Welfare Act 1992 with effect from 18 May 2018.

The ACT agrees that having nationally consistent legislation and documented minimum standards enforced across Australia is a positive step. Where Commonwealth and Territory legislation exists, the welfare of the stock should be the priority and higher standards should apply.

Page reviewed: Oct 2019